The Perspective for year 2021
Delhi – A vibrant Economy
- Delhi, the capital of India, will be the focus of political and socio-economic life of the largest democracy in world. Delhi is also the symbol of the ancient values and aspirations. The city is progressing quickly to grab its eminent place among the world’s leading cities. Delhi is also the driver of growth for economy of India. The Capital city will soon be the nerve centre and the prime mover of actions and ideas, seat of the national governance and the centre of culture, business, sports and education.
- In order to sustain this tremendous growth which India and particularly Delhi has achieved, there is a need for the city to integrate the history, its glorious past and the modern developments and aspirations which are reflected around, in integrated policy document that encompasses socio-economic, political, cultural, environmental and globalizing aspirations and attitude of the people.
- There is a need for the development of infrastructure regardless of segments at unprecedented pace and accordingly targeting the investments.
- The important thing for carrying out any development of such scale and the critical mass is planning and tracking of implementation. All agencies involved, whether governmental agencies, private institutions, corporate houses, NGOs, services, all have to work under single policy guidelines so that they move forward in the same direction.
- There is a need for developing and evolving Delhi into one world class city and there has to a special emphasis on modern outlook and physical infrastructure.
Vision 2021 is the guiding principle for framework, formulation and the implementation of Master plan. The purpose of Delhi 2021 is to convert Delhi into a world-class city and a global metropolis. A city which would provide opportunities and a conductive atmosphere along with great infrastructure in order for the people to do productive work and have a good quality of life, while living in sustainable environment. It will necessitate the planning and the action to meet with challenge of growing population and immigration in Delhi; the provision of proper housing, especially for weaker sections of society; addressing problems of the small enterprises; especially in unorganized and informal sector; handling the problem of slums; upgrading dilapidated and old parts of city; the provision of proper infrastructure services; conserving the environment; preserving the heritage of Delhi and blending it with complex and new modern patterns of the development; doing all these things while remaining in the framework of the sustainable development, community, public and private participation with a spirit of the ownership and the sense of belonging among citizens of Delhi.
The Basis and Genesis of Delhi Master Plan:
After India got independent, the planned development of National Capital of the country began with enactment of Delhi Development Act of 1957. It was followed by promulgation of Master Plan of Delhi in the year 1962 (MPD-62)
The broad based vision of macro as well as micro level development of the Capital was outlined in MPD-62. The vision kept in focus to realize development agenda, staying in line with vision of development of Delhi. There was also the formulation of the overall development via acquisition of land on a large scale and the through development of the resources. As it was early stage of growth for the Indian economy, most of the development was conceived to be led and driven by the public sector. The development via private sectors wasn’t conceptualized on large scale. Private sector had little role to play in the process of the planned development at the early stage. It was the case in both infrastructure as well as housing. However, today there is imminent need for PPP model of the development.
The MPD-2001 (Master Plan for Delhi 2001) takes the above into account, and it tries to evolve and also develop more inclusive model of development, in both infrastructure and housing sectors. The plans for using land, zonal plans and layout plans reflect this line of thinking.
The somewhat sketched and skewed development of the Capital over last few years may be attributed to population growth and population has reached 138 lakhs rather than the projected population of 128 lakhs, under MPD 2001. The growth was not factored in for housing and suffocation of resources of the infrastructure and the facilities.
Some of the above problems were considered as the directions for policy guidelines for MPD 2021, as follows:
- The review of scheme of development at a large scale and acquisition and how relevant it is in current context.
- Other options for the development of the areas identified for the urbanization in the MPD-2021
- Evolving the system with which planning and provision of the basic infrastructure can take place at the same time with reference to the above mentioned two points.
- Involving private sector in assembly and the development of the land and provision of infrastructure.
Challenges of phenomenon of the unplanned growth of the unauthorized colonies and the jhuggi groups were also given consideration. The need of dealing with this reality in the present manifestation as well as in terms of the future growth and the proliferation was recognized.
Another major concern was the massive growth of the vehicle traffic in the city and it was also accounted for. The need to manage the issues of pollution, congestion, parking, travel safety etc. was also given due thought.
An important part of the master plan is the redevelopment and the densification of existing urban areas.
Following issues are to be addressed by it:
- Accommodating large population
- Strengthening the infrastructure
- Creating more open spaces.
- Redeveloping the congested areas
Methodology which was adopted for preparation of plan:
- A democratic and fair procedure was undertaken when draft plan for Delhi Master Plan (MPD-2021) was being made. It is understood that detailed consultations took place with public, representatives of the public, government(s), public sector agencies, local bodies, associations for welfare of residents, professional groups and bodies, and nonprofit agencies etc.
- The guidelines were issued and think tank was activated for preparation of MPD 2021, by the Ministry of Urban Development in 2003. It was emphasized in it that there is an emerging need for exploration of alternate methods for the land assembly, participation of the private sector and the flexible use of land and the development norms.
- Reports of the earlier studies which were undertaken by the expert groups which comprised from the important sectors such as demography, housing, infrastructure, transportation, environment conservation, industry, commerce and trade etc. were also considered.
- Different seminars were arranged in which the participation from the trade bodies, the representatives, NGOs and local bodies was encouraged.
- The DDA made various presentations, with regards to Delhi’s draft master plan to stakeholders including different committees and policy makers. Interest groups such as chartered accountants, lawyers, traders, industry representatives, welfare associations and residents also made the representations that were considered for draft plan of the Delhi Master Plan 2021.
- Public suggestions and objections were invited on this draft of Master Plan in March of 2005 via Gazette notification and the notices were given in newspapers in April 2005.
- A huge number of the responses, both suggestions and objections to the draft of master plan Delhi were received. (Approximately 7000)
- On a number of occasions board of enquiry met in order to accord the utmost attention to objections to the draft of master plan. In a number of cases the board accorded personal hearings to suggestions and the objections.
- Revised master plan of Delhi got reviewed on a number of occasions during 2006 and 2007, after which it was sent to Ministry of the urban development, for its consideration of the approval.
- Final approval was accorded in present form, after giving due consideration to all factors.